Jan Peter Apel
The Event Horizon of a Black Hole
It is idealized the spherical surface around the star of a black
hole, from which a return to the outside is impossible for any body in
it. There are astonishing senseful and senseless ideas about the
situation on it. Schwarzschild calculated the radius of the event
horizon as the first person. There is up to the highest circles of
physicists the general view that
you can drive past with a spaceship with a little distance to it and
have a look. A deadly assumption.
Stephan Hawking, the greatest physicist of recent times, also saw a
boundary in the event horizon, over which virtual particles, resting
there allow, a mass transfer from the inside to the outside as they
break down into anti-matter and normal matter, one moving inwards and
the other outwards, so that the mass of the core of a black hole could
decrease again. One
of many theses that emerge from mostly mathematical fantasies without
asking nature, if it really can be as it is mathematically thought.
The rules of nature and reason and the sense of reality lead to
completely different properties of the event horizon. Above all, a
spaceship is lost imperceptibly and unrecoverably far away to it.
Neither bodies, nor the particles addressed by Hawking, are in rest on
the horizon of events.
For example, to get away from the earth
in comparison to it, a velocity equal to the escape velocity is
required. On mountains this is lower or in other words, the escape
velocity becomes smaller with increasing distance from celestial
bodies. On the surface of a black hole the escape velocity is more than
the speed of light, so nothing can escape. Only at the event horizon
mathematically determinable according to Schwarzschild has the escape
velocity decrease to the speed of light. From
there, there is the (theoretical) possibility to escape from a black
hole, which is the definition of the event horizon.
example, if a rocket shall float one foot above its launch pad, it
would have to constantly apply the gravitational acceleration which
belongs to the escape velocity at that point so it do not sink.
Likewise, a rocket (and also the Hawking contemplated particles) would
have to do that at the event horizon, but there is an acceleration of
gravity that belongs to the speed of light and is probably infinite.
hovering against the falling back by means of a drive is technically
not possible at the event horizon due to a lack of sufficient fuel
supply and Hawking's particles would have no drive at all. Another
cause makes hovering at this point completely impossible anyway.
On all celestial bodies there is a gravitational time dilation for all
things, resulting from the respective escape velocities. At the event
horizon this is according to the prevailing escape velocity at the
speed of light 100%.
The time running in a rocket on this place is therefore zero, the time
in the rocket stands still. No fuel atom combines more with an oxygen
atom, or ions no longer move in a magnetic field or, with nuclear
propulsion, no single decay of the fuel atoms takes place.
It should be noted:
the event horizon of a black hole, there is an escape velocity in the
amount of the speed of light against a highest acceleration of gravity,
with which no escape is possible, especially as the time dilation at
this location makes any mechanical drive fall asleep.
remains? Only to orbit a black hole with the speed of light. Where, at
what distance would that be? Very very very much further away,
mathematics freaks requires to find it out. But such an approach to a
black hole would also be nonsense: the occupants of a spaceship could
not see anymore, they would be frozen by time dilation. So the
spaceship would have to slow down and stay very more away. But if it
fell below the minimum distance even at a single point, it would be
lost and crashes into the black hole.
travel in space black
holes are invisible traps, because you can not see them and distances
to them are not directly measurable. In addition to observing the
starry sky in advance and detecting growing distortions of
constellations behind the black hole, no more accurate location
determinations are possible to a black hole. Only probes could approach
black holes and send radio signals back. But: even before reaching the
event horizon, the radio frequencies are strongly redshifted over the
longwave range up to zero at the event horizon! The cause: the
wavelengths increase because the waves
have to flow against a slowing 'headwind', so they get faster. The
headwind consist of a
'something', against that the waves define themselves. These wavelength
magnifications are concretely measured on the earth on rising light,
what the prov for the predicted is. And so there is a "something" flowing too into the earth.
Hawking's virtual particles would have to move away from a black hole
with the speed of light and simultaneously against a maximum
gravitational contra-acceleration in order to be able to remain at
least at the place of the event horizon. How could they do that? How
would they know in which direction they have to flow? In truth, they
simply fall into the black holes with the "something" (or are they this
something?) into black holes, with everything else that is in this
"something" from dust to stars. The prediction: this "something" is the
ether, that even really exist.